In Hinduism, what is the relationship between spirituality and health?
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In Hinduism, what is the relationship between spirituality and health?

By July 22, 2022 May 1st, 2024 No Comments

This article is based on a module written for the Dr. Weil Integrative Medicine fellowship at the University of Arizona several years ago by Arvind Chandrakantan MD, Suhag A. Shukla, and recently updated by Vijay Satnarine.

In Hinduism, what is the relationship between spirituality and health?

Hinduism, considered one of the world’s oldest living world religions, refers to numerous theist and non-theist Dharma traditions whose origins are in Asia. The Dharma traditions that have distinct identities as world religions are Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Buddhism and Sikhism. The remaining Dharma traditions are known collectively as Hindu, many sharing similar concepts; others as different as Islam is to Judaism. Yet, somehow these traditions have coexisted peacefully, often syncretically, accepting one another’s right to be different. In fact, all of these indigenous Hindu Dharma traditions thrived in their diversity because of their unity around the core Dharmic concepts of compassion, loving friendship, and plurality (karuṇā, maitra and bahudhā) given their shared teaching that, every single living being is part of the same multiverse. 

As indigenous traditions, Hindu Dharmas are based primarily on observation, study, logic, and discussion. Some also have teachings considered to be revealed. The different approaches were developed to assist humans of all tastes and proclivities to progress holistically in their lives. Self-cultivation and meditation are the primary spiritual practices, and though the methods vary the goal is the same: to be able to manage, or eventually free oneself (mokṣa) from the repetitive cycles (saṃsāra) of ups and downs (duḥkha) that we find ourselves in or put ourselves into (karma). 

Ancient, colonial, and modern diasporas mean that Hindu Dharma traditions have grown with peoples from across Asia and are now practiced across the world. It is for this reason that Hindus have a variety of different worldviews, cultures, languages, cuisines, etc. 

As far as self-cultivation is concerned, from ancient times the uniqueness of the human form of life to serve as a vehicle for spiritual progress was highlighted (śarīram ādyaṁ khalu dharma-sādhanam). The ancient teachers also recognized that each facet of human life was interconnected. One could have a physically fit body, but if the diet was not nutritious, that level of fitness would be unsustainable. So, focus was placed on balanced and naturally sourced nutrition, physical activity (yogāsana, kalaripayattu, dance, etc.), and healthy modes of life. Even at pique fitness, human wellness can be negatively impacted by being emotionally or mentally agitated. As such, the intersection of physical wellness and mental wellness was investigated, and numerous spiritual traditions developed with an extremely insightful approach to self-cultivation: elevating the intellect to find the optimal balance for one’s physical, emotional, mental – and thereby spiritual – well-being.  

The human values of kindness, compassion, and understanding were deftly integrated with the principles of logic and reason, and the teachings of the interconnected nature of the multiverse and all its constituent parts, to help all Hindus progress holistically towards the goal of physical, emotional, mental, intellectual, and spiritual wellness. 

Healing sciences were practiced from ancient times, however, during the second urbanization (c. 600 BCE) the various Hindu Dharma traditions that were gathering in new cosmopolitan cities and nations foregrounded the standardization and further development of insights into human health. Caraka, Śuśruta, and Bhela (all of whom authored the famed compendiums of Āyurveda) researched and provided insight into medical sciences, whose principles were founded on observations so robust that their relevance has not waned over the millennia. Suśruta, widely regarded as the ‘Father of Surgery’ pioneered eight categories of surgery, three hundred techniques, and a hundred and twenty surgical implements. Many of these innovations continue to inform surgery today. The World Health Organization, since the formation of the Center for Global Traditional Medicine, has published several important studies geared towards the standardization of Āyurvedic principles with Western medicine. 

Science, research, physical activity, medicine, and mental health, for Hindus, are not opposed to spirituality. Indeed, all are interwoven, and provide the basis for the human wellness that is the foundation for all pursuits in life. 

Why does one get sick?

According to the philosophies of the Hindu Dharma traditions, the answer to this question would vary. Some commonly acknowledged causes are:

  • adhyātmika – caused by the body/mind itself, whether congenital or acquired diseases. Dormant conditions might become manifest over time or through other factors. The natural aging process of the body is also noted here. Additionally, the actions of a person – where they go, what they do, what they consume, etc. all are considered under this category. 
  • adhibhautika – caused by other beings, whether through injury, poisoning, infection, or other.
  • adhidaivika – caused by time, place, and circumstances: changing seasons, natural disasters, cosmic radiation, etc.  

In the search for causes, Hindus place a caution: other than the directly contributing factors, assuming that the universe is punishing a person is not helpful in the task of assessing the situation, discerning a way forward, following through, and evaluating the results. Hindus never used karma in the sense of something that is a type of punishment from an unknown time. Rather, the Hindus teach that karma means that action can be taken to change the situation one finds themselves in. Even in terminal cases, Hindu teachings assist a person to manage their minds and emotions so that they can use their time to achieve their goals while their bodies allow, and prepare to transition in a manner that does not add to their distress.

In all cases, the intervention of those with expertise and experience is central, and Hindu teachings advise against hoping that issues will magically go away. Hindus are for this reason tend to be weary of quackery. Concurrently, Hindus do acknowledge that because emotions and mental states are useful in some cases to help elicit better recovery from the body, relevant complementary and alternative therapies that are recommended by experts should accompany medical interventions.

What is the role of spirituality in health, wellness, and life? 

Spirituality, or adhyātma, is the focus on solving the existential questions that will come to all of us at some point in our lives. What is all of this for? What is the multiverse? What is my purpose? Why am I here? Why bother?

Without a sense of grounding or purpose, a person can neglect or even sabotage those routines, practices, etc. that are essential in fostering and maintaining well-being. The Hindu Dharma traditions all teach that every single individual is part and parcel of the multiverse and that we are thus all the result of billions of years of the evolution of the multiverse itself (pariṇāma). Exactly how and what is involved here depends specifically on the philosophies one subscribes to. Whether monotheistic devotion or non-theistic meditation is the means, the goal of human life is to find betterment (śreyas) rather than only hankering after and working for those things, people, and experiences that are pleasurable (preyas).

Delusions, unrealistic goals, and elevated notions of one’s ideal self result in so much dissatisfaction and even disease, that Hindus are advised to focus on understanding one’s self as it is – beyond all the layers of identities, likes/dislikes, behaviors, etc it has accumulated. To do this, one needs a mind that is capable of understanding the complexities of one’s own emotions, triggers, responses, characteristics, behavior patterns, cycles, etc. For the mind to be well, the body must be well, and for the body to be well, the mind must be well. Changing any small thing in this dynamic leads to progress across all markers of wellness. 

According to Hindu Dharmas, therefore, spirituality is dependent on health and wellness, and health and wellness is dependent on spirituality. This interwoven triad is what the Hindu spiritual teachers seek to help people cultivate, improve, and thus unlock their sense of meaning, belonging, purpose, and happiness.  

What are the forms of wellness and healing that Hindus have traditionally relied upon?

From ancient times,  thousands of clans and tribes developed different methods of healing, mostly using therapies derived from herbal and other natural sources, in tandem with the intervention of the medium of their community. Around 600 BCE during the development of new cosmopolitan societies based around urban centers, more research and standardization were undertaken, resulting in two pan-regional classical medicine traditions, Āyurveda and Siddham, and a comprehensive spiritual philosophy with a foundational focus on wellness known as Yoga, in addition to the other regional/tribal traditional medicines like Uzhichil, etc.


Āyurveda is the most recognized and practiced Hindu medicinal tradition around the world.  Ayurveda aims to cultivate a healthy mind and body. Ayurveda is categorized as having eight limbs or aṅgas which are based on on the different systems of the body and their treatments. 

The eight aṅgas or limbs are:

  1. kāya cikitsā – general medicine
  2. bāla – children and their diseases and treatment (Pediatrics)
  3. graha – mental disorders, seizure by spirits and their treatment (Psychiatry)
  4. ūrdhvāṅga – diseases of the face, eyes, nose, throat, and ears and their treatment
  5. śalya – surgery
  6. daṁṣṭra – different kinds of poisons and their treatment (Toxicology)
  7. jarā – therapies useful during advanced age
  8. vṛṣā – male and female infertility and their treatment

Āyurvedas philosophy is based on Pañcabhautika Siddhānta, or the Doctrine of the Five Elements.  The five elements include pṛthivī (earth), ap (water), tejas (heat), vāyu (air), and ākāśa (ether). These elements are said to pervade the universe both in their gross and subtle forms in all living and nonliving things.  Thus, everything in nature is understood as interrelated and constituted, in varying proportions, of these elements, their evolutes, and constituents.

Āyurvedic treatments are based on Tridoṣa Siddhānta, or the Doctrine of The Three Humors.  Doṣa is a  Sanskrit word which means “that which vitiates or aggravates.”  The three doṣa are vāta (air and ether dominant), pitta (heat and water dominant), and kapha (water and earth dominant).  They are the building blocks of the body, both physiologically and psychologically.  When the three doṣas are in equilibrium, they bring about health and when out of balance, cause disease.

Āyurveda teaches that daily routine, including diet, physical activity, and environment, collectively affect the balance and imbalance of doṣas.  Āyurveda thus prescribes daily and seasonal routines, including diet and physical regimen, to help maintain harmony in the body and mind.  

Siddha Medicine

Siddha medicine is a different form of medicine and is more commonly practiced in the southern regions of India. Ayurveda and Siddha medicine share many commonalities including a focus on preventative medicine, the use of herb-derived medicines, and a basis in the tridosha theory.  

Siddha medicinal system also is predicated on the three doṣas. However, they are believed to be generally present in all individuals in a proportion of 4:2:1, though this ratio may change with age.  Disease reflects an imbalance in the ratio, thus, Siddha treatments too are aimed at correcting imbalances.

Unlike Āyurveda, Siddha emphasizes adherence to yamas and niyamas (ethical ideals or precepts and self-regulation) as a part of a wellness lifestyle. The use of animal products is also more common in Siddha medicine than in Āyurveda.  Siddha medicine also has more external applications of medicines (32 different methods) as opposed to many of the surgical techniques found in Āyurveda.  Siddha practitioners are often referred to as Herbologists or Traditional Medicine Practitioners.


At its broadest, Yoga, from the root word “yuj” in Sanskrit, means to unite. Most Hindu sources discuss Yoga as a practice to control the senses and ultimately, the mind. The most famous source is the Bhagavad Gita (dating back to the 6th-3rd Century BCE), which speaks of four types of Yoga – bhakti, or devotion; jñāna, or knowledge; karma, or action; and dhyāna, or meditation – as paths to achieve mokṣa, the ultimate goal of life according to Hindu understanding. However, this is just one understanding of Yoga falling within the Vedāntic philosophical tradition. Others, such as Haṭha Yoga are found in the teachings of the Āgamas which are the sources in the monotheistic Hindu Dharma traditions. Still more are found in the regional/tribal practices of the mediums, particularly in the preparatory stages for mediumship.

Yoga was systematized by the legendary Patañjali, who composed the Yogasūtras, the central source of aṣṭāṅga yoga, or the Yoga that consists of eight disciplines. Āsana, or physical postures, is only one and a comparatively preliminary aspect of the broader holistic discipline of Yoga, it does offer many health benefits.

Beyond increasing muscle tone and flexibility, regular practice of asana has been associated with lower blood pressure, relief of back pain and arthritis, and boosting of the immune system [5]. Increasingly, many believe āsana practice reduces Attention Deficit Disorder (AD/HD) [6] in children, and recent studies have shown it improves general behavior and grades [7].  

The full potential of the physiological, intellectual, and spiritual benefits of āsana, however, is likely increased manifold if practiced as a component of the holistic practice of Yoga which includes:

  1. Yama :  ethical ideals or precepts guiding interactions with others and the world
  2. Niyama :  ethical ideals or precepts guiding one’s inner world
  3. Āsanā :  physical postures
  4. Prānāyama :  breathing exercises and breath modulation 
  5. Pratyahāra :  control of the senses
  6. Dhāraṇā :  concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness
  7. Dhyāna :  devotion and/or meditation on the Divine
  8. Samādhi :  union with the Divine

What does it mean to “heal” or “be healed”? How does “healing” occur?

“Healing” and “being healed’ have different contextual meanings depending on which traditional system of medicine is being utilized.  All traditional systems share a holistic viewpoint about illness. All modalities of healing in Hindu traditions seek to restore the balance between the body, emotions, mind, intellect, consciousness, and sense of self. 

Sickness is seen as the non-optimal operation of any of those facets. Healing in the traditional context thus refers to correction of imbalance. Āyurveda and Siddha providers will routinely prescribe meditation, varying degrees of sensory deprivation, such as in food, extra periods of rest, and limiting overstimulation, to accompany any medicinal therapies. 

What would you say to a clinician about the faith of his or her Hindu patients as it relates to their partnered efforts towards healing and health promotion?

Hindus may make use of many means of wellness, healing, and health promotion, be they medical or therapeutic (both allopathic and traditional). To this end, a healthcare provider’s familiarity and openness to traditional therapies, such as Ayurveda, Siddha medicine, and yoga, may assist in gaining the patient’s confidence and trust. 

Karma may play very strongly into the belief of how, when, and why life-altering disease or illness has occurred as may other Hindu concepts, including dharma and lifestage.  Many Hindus will recognize and welcome their own active role in the management of their disease or symptoms, thus a healthcare provider may serve as a catalyst in the patient’s harnessing of the healing potential of the central concepts of the Hindu Dharma traditions. Accordingly, a basic understanding of Hindu philosophies as articulated above will also prove useful in any discussions on spirituality, healing, and health promotion.

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10/30/22Sanatana Dharma in the Movies

Hinduism is often referred to as Sanatana Dharma (the ‘eternal way’), indicating the religion’s emphasis on eternal truths that are applicable to all of humanity. Thus, it makes sense that a medley of mainstream movies could convey Hindu ideals that resonate strongly with audiences, while not actually talking directly about anything understood by the public as Hindu.

In Groundhog Day, for example, when cynical TV weatherman Phil Collins discovers he is trapped in a time loop, living the same day over and over, only to be released after transforming his character from an egocentric narcissist to a thoughtful and kindhearted philanthropist, it’s hard not to be reminded of the Hindu notion of samsara, a cycle of reincarnation from which a soul attains liberation by realizing its divine nature after lifetimes of spiritual practice. 

Or in The Matrix when Neo chooses the red pill of knowledge over the blue pill of ignorance, and is subsequently unplugged from an illusory world and cast into the truth of reality, the film seems to be conveying a foundational Vedic teaching: that we must transcend our own ignorance — a product of maya, literally meaning “illusion” in Sanskrit — to uncover our true nature. Hindu concepts appear to be further exhibited in Neo’s relationship with Morpheus, which starkly reflects that of a disciple and guru, as the latter reveals to the former the knowledge he needs in order to understand this “true nature.” As Neo’s faith in Morpheus’ words develops, so does his capacity to see past the illusion of the matrix, garnering him the ability to manipulate the laws of this false reality, similar to the Jedi and yogis described earlier.

What do the Matrix, Avatar, Groundhog Day, and Star Wars have to do with Hinduism?

10/29/22Hinduism and American Thought

Hindu Americans and the Vedanta philosophy have significantly influenced notable intellectuals such as Henry  David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, J.D. Salinger, Christopher Isherwood, Aldous Huxley, Huston Smith, and Joseph Campbell just to name a few. Some feel that it started back In 1812, when Thomas Jefferson recommended to John Adams the writings of Joseph Priestley, a Unitarian minister who had published works that compared Christianity to other religions — Hinduism in particular — Adam’s interest was piqued.

Going through Priestley’s writings, Adams became riveted by Hindu thought, as he launched into a five-year exploration of Eastern philosophy. As his knowledge of Hinduism and ancient Indian civilization grew, so did his respect for it. This legacy took shape in the 1830s as Transcendentalism, a philosophical, social, and literary movement that emphasized the spiritual goodness inherent in all people despite the corruption imposed on an individual by society and its institutions. Espousing that divinity pervades all of nature and humanity, Transcendentalists believed divine experience existed in the everyday, and held progressive views on women’s rights, abolition, and education. At the heart of this movement were three of America’s most influential authors: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, and Henry David Thoreau.

How Hinduism Influenced Some of Americans Greatest Thinkers

10/27/22The Hindu Diaspora in Afghanistan

Before becoming an Islamic state, Afghanistan was once home to a medley of religious practices, the oldest being Hinduism. A long time ago, much of Afghanistan was part of an ancient kingdom known as Gandhara, which also covered parts of northern Pakistan.Today, many of Afghanistan’s province names, though slightly altered, are clearly Sanskrit in origin, hinting at the region’s ancient past. To cite a few examples, Balkh comes from the Sanskrit Bhalika, Nangarhar from Nagarahara, and Kabul from Kubha. Though Gandhara’s earliest mention can be found in the Vedas, it is better known for its connections to the Hindu epics the Mahabharata and Ramayana. There is also the historic Asamai temple in Kabul located on a hill named after the Hindu Goddess of hope, Asha. The temple has survived numerous conflicts and attacks but it still stands. The temple is a remnant from Hindu Shahi Kings, who ruled from the Kabul Valley as far back as 850 CE. However, Hindus are indigenous but endangered minorities in Afghanistan, numbering approximately 700 out of a community that recently included over 8,000 members. Many have left for new homes, include in New York which is home to a large Afghani Hindu population.

5 Things to Know about Hindus and Sikhs in Afghanistan 

Hinduism Beyond India: Afghanistan

10/26/22Dogs and Diwali

According to the 2021-2022 National Pet Owners Survey, 70% of U.S. households (90.5 million homes) owned a pet as of 2022, with 69 million U.S. households having a pet dog. Recognized for their loyalty, service, companionship, and the special relationship they have with humans, Hinduism’s reverence for dogs is expansive, as they are worshiped in festivals and appreciated in connection to a number of Hindu gods and stories. Observed in Nepal, Bhutan, and the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal, Kukar Tihar (the 2nd day of Tihar) honors dogs as messengers that help guide spirits of the deceased across the River of Death. In the Mahabharata, Yudhisthira, his brothers, and the queen Draupadi renounced their kingdom to ascend to the heavens. However, Yudhisthira was the only one that survived along with a dog that had joined them. Yudhisthira refused to go to heaven without the dog, who turned out to be Yamaraj, the God of Death. Sarama, the “female dog of the gods,” was famously asked by Indra to retrieve a herd of cows that were stolen. When the thieves were caught, they tried to bribe Sarama but she refused and now represents those who do not wish to possess but instead find what has been lost. The symbolic import of dogs is further driven in connection with Dattatreya, as he is commonly depicted with four of them to represent the Vedas, the Yugas, the stages of sound, and the inner forces of a human being (will, faculty, hope, and desire).

Dogs and Diwali? 5 Things to Know about Hinduism and hu(man)’s Best Friend

10/25/22Black Panther

In 2018, the long-running Marvel comic series Black Panther, was brought to the big screen. A more prominent scene is when M’baku, a character vying for the throne of the fictional country of Wakanda, challenges T’Challa/Black Panther, and yells, “Glory to Hanuman.” However, despite dharma as an unsaid aspect of the characters’ interactions, Black Panther relies slightly more on Hindu symbolism than philosophy. But the significance of Hanuman as a transcendent deity cannot be overlooked, especially at a time when dialogues about global migration, the right to worship, and access to natural resources are becoming more overtly racialized. The film provides more than just an entertainment escape: it reimagines a world in which the current racial and theological paradigms are challenged forcefully. With the film expected to have at least several sequels, there will be more opportunities to reference Hinduism and Hindu iconography.

Why Black Panther’s References to Hinduism are Significant in Hollywood


One of the most celebrated Hindu festivals, Diwali (dee-VAH-lee) or Deepavali (dee-PAH-va-lee) commemorates the victory of good over evil during the course of five days. The word refers to rows of diyas — or clay lamps — which are put all around homes and places of worship. The light from these lamps symbolizes the illumination within all of us, which can overcome ignorance, represented by darkness. Devotees gather in local temples, homes, or community centers, to spend time with loved ones, make positive goals, and appreciate life.

Hindu Holidays & Dharmic Days Calendar 

Diwali Toolkit


On this day, because Diwali is a time for dana (charitable giving) and seva (selfless service), Hindus traditionally perform a deep cleaning of their homes and surroundings, as cleanliness is believed to invoke the presence and blessings of Goddess Lakshmi who, as mentioned earlier, is the Goddess of wealth and prosperity. Many will also make rangoli or kolum (colored patterns of flowers, powder, rice, or sand made on the floor), which are also said to invite auspiciousness. Observers thus begin Diwali by cultivating a spirit of generosity, doing things like giving money to charities, feeding the hungry, and endeavoring to help those in need.

5 Things to Know About Diwali

10/22/22The Hindu Diaspora in Bali

The spread of Hinduism to Southeast Asia established powerful Hindu kingdoms in the region, most notably the Khmer Empire that encompassed modern Cambodia and Thailand, and influential kingdoms in the Indonesia archipelago. Though Buddhism and Hinduism co-existed in the region for several centuries, Buddhism (and Islam in Indonesia) eventually replaced Hinduism as a primary religion. Today, there are approximately five million Hindus in Indonesia, primarily in Bali. As Bali is roughly 90 percent Hindu, this makes it a religious enclave in a country that contains the world’s largest Muslim population. There are also roughly 60,000 Cham Hindus in Vietnam, and smaller numbers in Thailand. Hinduism in Fiji, Malaysia, and Singapore is a much more recent phenomenon, with Hindus arriving in the 19th and early 20th centuries as indentured laborers. Today, Hindus are prominent in politics and business in all three countries, though they continue to experience discrimination as religious minorities.

Hinduism Beyond India: Bali

Hinduism Around the World

10/21/22Smithsonian/American History Exhibit - American Indian experience

In 2014, the first Smithsonian exhibition chronicling the experiences of Indian Americans, many of whom are Hindus,  in the US was unveiled at their National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC. This exhibit was one of the largest ever produced by the Smithsonian Asian Pacific American Center, occupying 5,000 square feet and reaching millions of visitors. The message behind “Beyond Bollywood: Indian Americans Shape the Nation,” aimed to dispel stereotypes and myths that have followed Indian immigrants since they first arrived in the U.S. in 1790. The exhibit explored the heritage, daily experiences, and the many diverse contributions that immigrants and Indian Americans have made to the United States. The exhibition at the Museum of Natural History includes historical and contemporary images and artifacts, including those that document histories of discrimination and resistance, convey daily experiences, and symbolize achievements across the professions. Music and visual artworks provide commentary on the Indian American experience and form an important component of the exhibition. In 2017, this exhibit went on the road, traveling from city to city so that all could see the impact of Indians on American culture.

All About Hindu Heritage Month

10/20/22Swami Yogananda

Paramahansa Yogananda was a Hindu monk and yogi who came to the United States in 1920 and lived here for the last 32 years of his life. He is considered to be the first major Hindu Guru to settle in the United States. When Swami Yogananda arrived in the US, he made his first speech, made to the International Congress of Religious Liberals, on “The Science of Religion,” and was enthusiastically received. It was soon after that he founded the Self-Realization Fellowship (also known as Yogoda Satsanga Society (YSS) of India) and introduced millions of Americans to the ancient science and philosophy of meditation and Kriya yoga (path of attainment). In 1927, he was invited to the White House by President Calvin Coolidge, making Swami Yogananda the first prominent Indian and Hindu to be hosted in the White House.

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For those of us who are Hindu, we have noticed that some of the biggest Hollywood films produced in the last several decades have mirrored many of Hinduism's most fundamental philosophical ideas. One example is Avatar, a film named for the Sanskrit word avatāra (‘descent’), in which the protagonist, Jake Sully, enters and explores an alien world called Pandora by inhabiting the body of an indigenous 10-foot, blue-skinned being, an idea taken from Hinduism’s depictions of the various avatars of the blue god Vishnu, who are said to descend into our world for upholding dharma. Instead of aligning with the interests of the humans, who merely want to mine Pandora for the valuable mineral unobtanium, Sully fights alongside the alien humanoids native to the world, called Na’vi, who live in harmony with nature, believe all life is sacred, and that all life is connected by a divine force — teachings synonymous with Hinduism. Thus, similar to the avatars of Vishnu, Sully defends and preserves a spiritual culture by defeating those who would destroy it for materialistic pursuit. While this film doesn’t indicate in any direct way that they have anything to do with Hinduism, it’s clear they are communicating Hindu ideas that everyone relates to and understands on a profound level.

What do the Matrix, Avatar, Groundhog Day, and Star Wars have to do with Hinduism?

10/18/22Swami Prabhupada

The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), also known as the Hare Krishna movement, was founded in 1966 by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, a highly respected Vaishnava  (devotion to the god Vishnu and his incarnations avatars) scholar and monk. At the age of 70, Swami Prabhupada traveled from India to New York City to bring the Bhakti tradition, or Krishna Consciousness, to the west. In the 11 years before his passing in 1977, Srila Prabhupada translated, with elaborate commentaries, 60 volumes of Vaishnava literature; established more than 100 temples on six continents; and initiated 5,000 disciples. Today, his writings are studied in universities around the globe and are translated into nearly 100 languages. To date, ISKCON has over 400 temples,  dozens of rural communities and eco-sustainable projects, and nearly 100 vegetarian restaurants world-wide with 56 of them in the US. 

Statement Against Caste Based Discrimination: ISKCON

Who was that Hare Krishna at the start of “Get Back”?

10/17/22The Hindu Diaspora in Africa

Hinduism came in waves to Africa, with Southern Africa getting Hindu workers during the early years of British colonization, while East and West Africa experienced Hindu migration during the 20th century. Hinduism’s roughly 0.2% presence in Africa is seen as so inconsequential, most data organizations don’t even bother explicitly mentioning it in their census reports. But Hinduism is Ghana's fastest growing religion and one in which there are steady populations in both Northern and Southern African states. Durban is now home to most of South Africa’s 1.3 million Indians, making it, according to some sources, the largest Indian city outside of India, and thus a most powerful hub of Hindu practice. In the US, there are both communities of African Hindus who have migrated, as well as Black Hindus, who according to the 2019 Pew Survey, make up 2% of the Hindu population in the US.

Hinduism Beyond Africa

Hinduism Around the World

10/16/22Star Wars

George Lucas, the creator of Star Wars, drew much of the inspiration for this major cultural phenomenon from the teachings of his mentor who was a lifelong student of Vedanta. In these films, many aspects of Hinduism are interwoven with the story. Some include Hanuman (Chewbaca and Ewoks), Shakti (force,energy), Yodha (Yoda), Brahman (infinite being). Besides the many philosophical parallels that can be highlighted between Star Wars and Hinduism, Star Wars also exhibits similarities in story structure and character roles to one of India’s famous epics, the Ramayana. Never seen the movie? Now might be the time to see how universally relatable Hindu thought can truly be.

What do the Matrix, Avatar, Groundhog Day, and Star Wars have to do with Hinduism?


The term Ayurveda is derived from the Sanskrit words ayur (life) and veda (science or knowledge), translation to the knowledge of life. Ayurveda is considered to be the oldest healing science, originating in 1000 BCE. Based on the five elements that comprise the universe (space, air, fire, water, and earth), they combine and permutate to create three health principles  that govern the functioning and interplay of a person’s body, mind, and consciousness. These energies are referred to as doshas in Sanskrit. Ayurveda can be used in conjunction with Western medicine and Ayurvedic schools have gained approval as educational institutions in several states.

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While it’s synonymous to meditation, and seen simply as a doorway to tranquility for yogic practitioners, the true meaning of Om is deeply embedded in Hindu philosophy.

The word Om is defined by Hindu scripture as being the original vibration of the universe, which all other vibrations are able to manifest. Within Hinduism, the meaning and connotations of Om is perceived in a variety of ways. Though heard and often written as “om,” due to the way it sounds when it is repeatedly chanted, the sacred syllable is originally and more accurately spelled as “aum.” Broken down, the three letters of A – U – M represent a number of sacred trinities such as different conditions of consciousness (waking state, dreaming state, and deep sleep state), the deities in charge of the creation, preservation, and destruction of the universe ( Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva), aspects of time (past, present, and future), among many others. 

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Religious Symbols

10/28/22Dr. Anandibai Joshi

Dr. Anandi Gopal Joshi is credited with being the first woman from India to study medicine in the United States. Born in Bombay in 1865, she was married at the age of ten to an older man who had been her teacher. Dr. Joshi had a child at the age of 13, but the child died when only 10 days old. She believed that with better medical care, the child would have lived, and she frequently cited this as motivation for her desire to attend medical school. Her husband encouraged her in her academic pursuits and in 1883, Joshee joined the Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania, now known as the Drexel University College of Medicine in Philadelphia. She graduated in 1886 with her degree in medicine; her M.D. thesis focused on Hindu obstetrics. Unfortunately,  Dr. Joshi was only able to practice medicine for a few months before passing away from tuberculosis.

Science in Hinduism

10/13/22The Hindu Diaspora in Guyana

Hinduism is the religion of almost 25% of Guyana’s population, making it the country with the highest percentage of Hindus in the Western Hemisphere. But from British professional recruiting agents targeting rural and uneducated Indians, to the aggressiveness of Christian proselytization of Hindus with a promise of a better life, Hinduism has been in a steady decline for many decades with many escaping to the United States for better opportunities and to practice their religion freely. Today, over 80% of Guyanese Americans live in the Northeastern United States with heavy concentrations in New Jersey and in New York, where a “Little Guyana”  helps these immigrants stay connected to their Guyanese roots.

Hinduism beyond India: Guyana

Hinduism Around the World

10/12/22Karwa Chauth

Karwa Chauth or Karva Chauth (kuhr-vah-CHOATH) is a North Indian holiday in which wives fast for the longevity and health of their husbands, however, many unmarried women celebrate in hopes of meeting their ideal life partner. Typically, wives spend the day preparing gifts to exchange, and fasting until the moon is visible. It is believed that its light symbolizes love and blessings of a happy life. While there are varying legends behind this holiday’s traditions and meaning, the message of honoring the relationships women form with their family and community prevails.

Karwa Chauth

Hindu Holidays & Dharmic Days Calendar

10/11/22Hinduism and Music

As sound vibration can affect the most subtle element of creation, it is interpreted in Hindu scriptures that spiritual sound vibrations can affect the atman (soul) in a particularly potent way. Such spiritual sound vibrations are said to have the ability to awaken our original spiritual consciousness and help us remember that we are beyond the ambivalence of life, and actually originate from the Divine. As such, the main goal of many types of Hindu musical expression is to help stir us out of our spiritual slumber by evoking feelings of love and connection that help us to better perceive the presence of the Divine within all. Some of the more popular examples of musical expressions within Hinduism include shlokas (verse, or poem), mantras (sacred syllables repeated in prayer), kirtans (congregational singing of mantras), and bhajans (devotional songs). You can find musical spiritual expressions through the US in temples,  Mandirs, and community centers.

The Power of Music According to Hinduism

What is Kirtan?


Yoga is considered Hinduism’s gift to humanity. At its broadest, yoga, from the root word “yuj” in Sanskrit, means to unite. Most Hindu texts discuss yoga as a practice to control the senses and ultimately, the mind. The most famous is the Bhagavad Gita (dating back to 6th-3rd Century BCE), in which Krishna speaks of four types of yoga – bhakti, or devotion; jnana, or knowledge; karma, or action; and dhyana, or concentration (often referred to as raja yoga, though not all sources agree on the term) – as paths to achieve moksha (enlightenment), the ultimate goal according to Hindu understanding. According to a 2016 study,  in the United States there are an estimated 36.7 million people currently practicing yoga in the United States.


The Hindu Roots of Yoga

10/9/22Swami Vivekananda

According to Vedic cosmology, 108 is the basis of creation, representing the universe and all our existence. As the soul is encased in two types of bodies: the physical body (made of earth, water, fire, air, and ether) and the subtle body (composed of intelligence, mind and ego), Swami Viveknanda is often attributed with bringing Hindu teachings and practices — such as yoga and transcendental meditation — to Western audiences. In 1893, he was officially introduced to the United States at the World’s Parliament of Religions in Chicago, where in his speech he called for religious tolerance and described Hinduism as “a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance.” The day that Swami Vivekananda delivered his speech at the Parliament of Religions is now known as ‘World Brotherhood Day.’ And his birthday, known as Swami Vivekananda Jayanti, is honored on January 12th each year. On this day he is commemorated and recognized for his contributions as a modern Hindu monk and respected guru of the Vedanta philosophy of Hinduism. In 1900, Swami Viveknanda founded the Vedanta Society in California and to date there are 36 Vedanta Society Centers in the United States.

Swami Vivekananda Influenced Countless Americans

Hindu Holidays & Dharmic Days Calendar


According to Vedic cosmology, 108 is the basis of creation, representing the universe and all our existence. As the soul is encased in two types of bodies: the physical body (made of earth, water, fire, air, and ether) and the subtle body (composed of intelligence, mind and ego), 108 plays a significant role in keeping these two bodies healthily connected. Hindus believe the body holds seven chakras, or pools of energy, which begin at the bottom of the spine and go all the way down to the top of the head and it is believed there are 108 energy lines that converge to form the heart chakra. Ayurveda says there are 108 hidden spots in the body called marma points, where various tissues like muscles, veins, and ligaments meet. These are vital points of life force, and when they are out of balance, energy cannot properly flow throughout the body. Sun salutations, yogic asanas that honor the sun god Surya, are generally completed in nine rounds of 12 postures, totaling 108. Mantra meditation is usually chanted on a set of 108 beads.   In Hinduism there are 108 Upanishads, the sacred texts of wisdom from ancient sages. Additionally, in the Sanskrit alphabet, there are 54 letters. Each letter has a feminine, or Shakti, and masculine, or Shiva, quality. 54 multiplied by 2 equals 108. Ultimately, breathwork, chanting, studying scripture, and asana’s help harmonize one’s energy with the energy of the supreme spiritual source. These processes become especially effective when they are performed in connection with the number 108. Hindu scriptures strive to remind people of this divine commonality by continuously highlighting the innumerable threads connecting everything in existence. One of these threads is the number 108.

5 Things to know about 108

Here's How the Number 108 Binds Us to the Universe

10/7/22The Hindu Diaspora in Trinidad/Tobago

A decade after slavery was abolished in 1834, the British government began importing indentured labor from India to work on their estates in other countries such as Trinidad and Tobago.  From 1845 to 1917, the ships would continue to arrive, carrying over 140,000 Indians to the island, facilitating Trinidad's population growth from Indian laborers. Today, there are roughly 240,000 declared Hindus in Trinidad and Tobago, comprising about 18% of the island’s population. There are a total of about 300 temples on the island, welcoming all who wish to enter and where many beloved Hindu festivals take place. But for some, the migration journey doesn’t end as New York and Florida have seen the development of large Indo-Caribbean communities.

Hinduism beyond India: Trinidad and Tobago


From ancient tribes to present-day devotees, tattoos have held a special place in Hinduism for centuries. In the Indian states of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, the Ramnaami community invoked Rama’s protection with tattoos of the name “Rama” in Sanskrit on every inch of their skin, including the tongue and inside the lips.The Mahabharata tells the story of the Pandavas that were exiled to the Kutch district of Gujarat. Today, their descendants - members of the Ribari tribe - live as their ancestors did, with women covered in tattoos that symbolize their people’s strong spirit for survival. Some Hindus consider tattoos as protective emblems,such as tattoos of Hanuman are often used to relieve physical or mental pain. People will often get tattoos of other deities to invoke their blessings. Mehndi, a plant-based temporary tattoo, is commonly done at weddings and religious ceremonies as a form of celebration of love and spirituality. While tattoos have been in Hindu communities for centuries, tattoos as symbols of honor, devotion, and even fashion are incredibly popular today. Hindus and non Hindus alike adorn themselves with Hindu emblems and tattoos that reflect Hindu teachings.

Guidelines for Commercial Use of Hindu Images


Navaratri (nuhv-uh-RA-three) is a nine night celebration of the feminine divine that occurs four times a year — the spring and fall celebrations being amongst the more widely celebrated. Some traditions honor the nine manifestations of Goddess Durga, while others celebrate the three goddesses (Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati) with three days dedicated to each. This is a time to recognize the role in which the loving, compassionate, and gentle — yet sometimes powerful and fierce — feminine energy plays in our lives.

Nine Things to Know About Navaratri

Hindu Holidays & Dharmic Days Calendar


Dussehra (duh-sheh-RAH) or Vijayadashmi (vi-juhyuh-dushuh-mee) celebrates the victory of Lord Rama over the ten-headed demon King Ravana. This also marks the end of Ramalila — a brief retelling of the Ramayana and the story of Rama, Sita, and Lakshman in the form of dramatic reading or dance. It also signifies the end of negativity and evil within us (vices, biases, prejudices) for a fresh new beginning. Dussehra often coincides with the end of Navratri and Duga Puja, and celebrations can last ten days, with huge figures of Ravana set ablaze as a reminder that good always prevails over evil.

Hindu Holidays & Dharmic Days Calendar

Hinduism 101 & Women

10/3/22Ahimsa + Cow sanctuaries

Many Hindus hold reverence for the cow as a representation of mother earth, fertility, and Hindu values of selfless service, strength, dignity, and non-harming. Though not all Hindus are vegetarian, for this reason many traditionally abstain from eating beef. This is often linked with the concept of ahimsa (non-violence), which can be applied to diet choices and our interactions with the environment, and potentially determine our next birth, according to the doctrine of karma. This is part of the reason that some Hindus may choose a vegetarian lifestyle as an expression of ahimsa as well as explains the growing number of cow protection projects that are led by individuals who have felt compelled to put their Hindu values into practice. The US is home to several cow protection projects and sanctuaries

Dairy Is Traditionally Sattvic Food, but the Way We Treat Cows Today Can Be Tamasic

Cultured Meat and Animal-Free Dairy Upends the Plant-Based Food Discussion

10/1/2022First Hindu temple in US

The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 facilitated the journey of many Indian immigrants to the United States. In this new land, many created home shrines and community temples to practice and hold pujas (services). As Hindu American populations grew in metropolitan and rural areas, so did the need to find a permanent temple site for worship. In 1906, the Vedanta Society built the Old Temple in San Francisco, California but as this was not considered a formal temple, many don’t credit this with being the first. Others believe it is the Shiva Murugan Temple built in 1957 in Concord, California, whereas others believe it is the Maha Vallabha Ganapati Devanstanam in New York that should be considered the first. Today, there are nearly 1,000 temples in the United States . Regardless of where you live, you have the right to practice your faith.

A Guide To Temple Safety and Security

5 Things to Know About Visiting a Hindu Temple