With the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan in 2021, the Indian Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir was again subjected to a wave of terrorist activity. In January 2021, a 70-year-old Punjabi man got domicile, and was then almost immediately shot dead by terrorists. In July, the Jammu and Kashmir government began to plan for the return of Kashmiri Hindu Pandits who were forced to flee Kashmir in 1990. In September, the Taliban vowed to “raise its voice for Kashmir Muslims,” which translated to several attacks the following month on not only the Indian military, but also innocent minority Hindu and Sikh civilians including a street vendor, pharmacist, teacher, and a school principal. A teacher who witnessed the killing of the teacher and principal in Srinigar described the way that Hindus and Sikhs were singled about by the terrorists:
“The pistol-wielding men came into the school this morning and asked for the identity cards of the teachers and later fired at two teachers, one each from the minority Sikh and Hindu community.”
Several Muslim migrant workers from other Indian states were also killed in attempts to target Hindus and Sikhs.
Despite this surge in violence, overall conditions and the civil rights of residents in the Union Territory have significantly improved since the central government abrogated Articles 370 ad 35A of the constitution in 2019.